The Venetian Lagoon (Italian: Laguna di Venezia; Venetian: Laguna de Venezia) is found in the North of Italy. It is an enclosed bay in Venice . Laguna di Venezia–has provided the global name for shallow and closed embayment of salty water or commonly known as a lagoon.

The Venetian Lagoon spreads north of River Sile to Brenta from the southwest, with around 550 square feet (212 square kilometers). It is covered by canals and about 80% of mud flats, salt marshes and also tidal shallows. The largest wetland in the whole of the Mediterranean Basin is the Venetian Lagoon.

Exploring lagoon’s miles which extend around Venice, surrounded by several islets adds to your enjoyable experience. The history of the islands and the essence of this lagoon is apparent from bell towers and the palaces around Venice.

Venetian Lagoon photoPhoto by TeaMeister

The Venetian lagoon is quite shallow, sometimes half mud, mixed with water depending on the condition and level of the waves. Deeper canals run including the mudbanks, with the bricole and several wooden poles emerging as signs for boats. Traveling boats and canoes must stick to these signs to prevent running aground – should you take trips on a low tide when mudbank are exposed only yards from the bricole, it could be risky and messy.

There are ships to and fro which are almost packed with sightseers, while some are surrounding those Torcello ship stop on Burano. The majority of visitors do not make it to the lagoon. Unfortunately, the number of visitors decline because of the difficulty of accessing the island and only those driven with excitement for adventure are the ones successful to go there.

Farming and fishing

Fish farming is a fairly new trade in North America, however, the natives around the lagoon have been practicing vallicultura for a very long time already. Fish farmers create a listing of areas, connecting their ponds to the lagoon. The dams are made at specific times of the year to catch fishes then are closed until the fishes caught are ready to be reverted back to the lagoon.

Venetian Lagoon photoPhoto by Alkan de Beaumont Chaglar

Navigation amid the subway

Actv Linea LN vessel is one primary transpo, in addition to the lagoon being shallow, the vaporetti and other boats are used instead of large vessels during dredged navigation channels in order to avoid run-ins with sandbanks and mudflats. These stations are signed with pilings like the bricola and dama.

Health hazards, new and old

In earlier times, the Lagoon’s humid atmosphere and unexplored surroundings resulted to the spread of dreadful malaria. However health hazards just had a turnabout these days: the threat is shifted from the lagoon towards man, now it is the other way around.

Industrial plants close to the causeway of Venice has dropped chemical pollutants into the waters. Greater traffic from other ships and tankers has multiplied the problem. Modern Agriculture deserves a lot of the blame since rain often washes chemical fertilizers into the Lagoon resulting in the algae clogging the lagoon throughout the summer. This is a particularly serious problem in the marshes called the Laguna Morta or the “dead lagoon” not rinsed over by Adriatic tides.

Hoping for best solutions, the Municipality of Venice attempts to reduce pollution, for example, using buffer strips to collect agricultural nutrients together with shrubbery and trees along the corners of the Lagoon. Scientists are in a dilemma on how to reduce phosphate and nitrate residue by a treatment plant. Meanwhile, the Lagoon still suffers because of fertilizer runoff discharges, sewage, and even laundry detergents.

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