From an architectural perspective, Boyana Church is a pure structure of a dome, its richly decorated facades and a church with a Greek cross ground-plan and decoration of ceramic components are some beautiful features. It is one of the most remarkable medieval monuments with wall paintings.
The Boyana Church was constructed in the late 10th – early 11th and the mid-13th.
The Boyana Church is found in the eponymous Sofia suburb afoot Mt. Vitosha. It is a perfectly preserved medieval monument with Bulgarian history engraved in it. It is also considered a monumental part of Europe’s Middle Age culture.
Boyana Church is made up of 3 buildings. It was erected and expanded by the start of the century. In the 19th century, the third church building completed the ensemble. This site is a wonder belonging to east Europe’s medieval art.
The eastern church is its oldest portion, it was built in the 10th – 11th century.
The second segment, that adjoins the church, was instructed by Sebastocrator Kaloyan together with Dessislava, his beloved wife. It is a tomb-church type that has two floors. It consists of a household sepulcher with two arcosolia and a vault in both north and south walls. The family chapel is found on the second floor has a similar layout to the eastern church. The facade is adorned with various decorations. The newest part was then constructed with contributions from the community in the late 19th century. Unfortunately, it was closed to the general public since 1954 to be restored and preserved. It was only in 2006 that the church was opened again for visitors.
Besides the layer of frescoes with preserved fragments and wonderfully-coated murals from 16th-17th and 14th centuries and in 1882. An Austrian expert cleaned and restored them from 1912-1915 frescoes, and also in the 1934 and 1944. Highlights include the oldest known portrait of St. John of Rila, along with representations of King Konstantin Asen and Queen Irina. There’s this little signage and people are restricted to fifteen minutes inside.
The 1259 frescoes added to the church’s fame. They represent among the well-preserved monuments in Eastern Europe’s art. Its murals are among the finest examples of ancient artwork. A ticket includes entry to both the church and also the National Museum of History which is 2km away. A full 89 scenes using 240 human pictures are found on the church walls. The name of its painter is discovered during recovery of these artworks. He is “Zograph Vassilii” together with his apprentice Dimitar from Subonosha, Sersko village.
The Boyana Church is a UNESCO World Heritage site situated at the Boyana quarter on the outskirts of Sofia. Temperature-regulated air conditioning units were set up to safeguard and preserve the premises, but small groups of tourists (between six and eight people) are allowed to stay indoors for just 15-minute intervals. Guides are also included with admission.